No man or woman is an island. But if they feel like they are on an island, you, as a leader, need to know.
In organizations of all kinds, teamwork and collaboration are more important than ever. And that means relationships are more important than ever.
So whether you are trying to create a positive learning environment in your classroom or the best possible culture at work, you need to understand the group’s social dynamics. You may have a sense that someone is popular, or not everyone’s favorite person to work with, but lack the data to back it up. The good news is that sociograms can help. They provide data on relationships, and they are amazingly simple.
So let’s cut to it: What is a sociogram?
What Is a Sociogram?
A sociogram is a tool for charting the relationships within a group. It’s a visual representation of the social links and preferences that each person has – valuable data for leaders.
Here’s how they work.
To construct a sociogram, ask each person to confidentially list two other people to work with on an activity. The topic does not matter. In most cases, the social relationships will be relatively constant regardless of the activity. Make sure they put their own name on the top of the paper. Then you write up this data as a chart. Arrows indicate who is choosing whom. The green arrows indicate that those people chose each other.
Interpreting the Sociogram
Here are three patterns to look for when breaking down a sociogram:
Isolates – One of the alerts a leader gets from this is that there are some people – the isolates – who no one has chosen or who have only been chosen by another isolate. In the sociogram above, Sam is an isolate and so is Jill, having only been chosen by Sam. While it is wise to have a certain degree of philosophical skepticism in making initial assumptions about isolates, they are a cause for concern. You want to make sure they feel connected and supported in the larger group.
Cliques – There are several quite tight groups which may well merit some degree of skepticism. Are these groups “cliques” that exclude others? Cliques are defined as groups of three or more people within a larger group who all choose each other. In the above example, Ann, Fleur and Meg have all chosen each other, and are clearly a tight group. You may want to observe to make sure they aren’t excluding other people.
Stars – Stars are people who have been chosen many times on the sociogram. These people are generally popular and well-liked, hence being chosen by many of their peers. In the example given above, can you find one of the Stars?
Remember, this is simply a guide. If nothing else, the sociogram can be used as a guide for further, more focused, observation.
What Is a Sociogram?
Now we know! It’s a valuable tool for unlocking data on relationships and group dynamics. So whether you are a leader in a classroom or an office, you can use a sociogram to glean actionable data about the group’s social dynamics.
Comments or questions? Post them in the comments section below. We are happy to help you construct your own sociogram.
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