Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
Social and emotional learning (SEL) is the process through which children and adults acquire and effectively apply the knowledge, attitudes and skills necessary to understand and manage emotions, set and achieve positive goals, feel and show empathy for others, establish and maintain positive relationships, and make responsible decisions. In other words: It’s how students learn the skills of emotional intelligence.
Why it Matters
- 21% of teens in the United States reported being bullied on school property 10.4% of teens reported being hurt by someone they were dating 17% of students had seriously considered suicide (CDC, 2013 Youth Risk Factors)
- Adding to or exacerbating these problems is the issue of childhood stress, whether from conflict at home, peer pressure, grade pressure, or over-scheduling. Not only can this affect learning in the present, but sustained high levels of cortisol associated with stress can damage the hippocampus, an area of the brain responsible for learning and memory. These cognitive deficits can continue into adulthood (Childhood Stress and Development, CDC, 2008).
- The aim of most SEL programs is to promote self-awareness, self- management, social-awareness, relationships and responsible decision-making skills and to improve student’s relationships to their school community and broader world.
Six Seconds Focuses on “5 Barometers of Life” Outcomes for Youth
These five outcomes are measured by the Six Seconds Emotional Intelligence Assessment – Youth Version. Emotional intelligence scores on the SEI-YV are highly correlated with scores on these SEI-YV outcomes. In addition, emotional intelligence (in our model) is a learnable skillset. This suggests that to improve these outcomes, we should ensure students develop the skills of emotional intelligence.
SEL/EQ creates an atmosphere where academic performance can thrive, where more positive adult to student and peer to peer relationships flourish, where fewer conduct problems arise, and where lowered stress leads to improved grades and test scores. An effective and well-implemented SEL program can transform a school into a place where children (and the adults who support them) are engaged, curious, safe, and thriving personally and academically.
Six Seconds helps educators create school-wide SEL programs that are integrated, customized and living — so they weave throughout culture and structure of the school or organization. Schools that teach SEL have lower rates of conflicts, fights, violence and trips to the principal’s office and higher rates of academic achievement (here is the evidence). Six Seconds is committed to research to deepen our understanding and practice of SEL. A recent study of middle school students and school climate is an example of our attention to ground-breaking research.
Academic Research Links SEL to Positive Outcomes
There have been hundreds of academic studies linking SEL to improved learning outcomes and better school climate . A meta-analysis of 213 rigorous studies of SEL in schools (Durlak, Weissberg, Dymnicki, Taylor, & Schellinger, 2011) linked quality SEL instruction to higher academic performance (11 percentile points higher than students not receiving SEL instruction), fewer disruptive behaviors such as aggression, delinquent acts, improved attitudes and behaviors and reduced reports of depression,stress, and anxiety from students and their counselors. (Read more published studies on SEL)